The creation of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) is a historic milestone for the Philippines.This can be a catalyst for a more consensus-based governing coalition, less reliance on the power of executive leadership, and the representation of marginalized groups and the issues that matter to them.
The Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), established through the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law, (BOL) represents great progress towards the realization of the autonomy promised to the Bangsamoro under the 1987 Philippine Constitution. The BOL is merely the starting point for realizing BARMM’s right to self-determination as well as the envisioned autonomy and the advancement of tone and form of relationship between the BARMM and the central government of the Philippines.
The Bangsamoro Autonomous Region shall have three (3) subregions, namely: South western Mindanao, South central Mindanao, and North central Mindanao, all within the Bangsamoro territorial jurisdiction.
The Bangsamoro Regional Government will take the form of a parliamentary-democratic government headed by a Chief Minister and members of the Bangsamoro Parliament.The Bangsamoro Parliament is composed of 80 members, half of which will be elected through a proportional representation party system, forty percent will be allocated to district representatives directly voted upon and ten percent is reserved for sectoral representatives. Two seats are reserved separately for Non-moro Indigenous Peoples and Settler Communities, while women, youth, Ulama, and traditional leaders get one seat each.
The Bangsamoro Parliament is tasked to:a) enact laws to promote, protect, and ensure general welfare of the Bangsamoro, b) call for referendum on important issues, c) conduct inquiries in aid of legislation, d) elect the Chief Minister, approve the nomination of Deputy Chief Ministers, and e) hold a Cabinet position subject to appointment by the Chief Minister.
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